Robert Duncan Wilmot

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The Hon.
Robert Duncan Wilmot
Robert Duncan Wilmot.jpg
Senator for New Brunswick
In office
23 October 1867 – 10 February 1880
Appointed byRoyal Proclamation
6th Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick
In office
11 February 1880 – 10 November 1885
Governor GeneralMarquess of Lorne
The Marquess of Lansdowne
PremierJohn James Fraser
Daniel Lionel Hanington
Andrew George Blair
Preceded byEdward Barron Chandler
Succeeded bySamuel Leonard Tilley
Personal details
Born(1809-10-16)16 October 1809
Fredericton, New Brunswick
Died13 February 1891(1891-02-13) (aged 81)
Sunbury County, New Brunswick
Political partyConservative
Spouse(s)Susan Elizabeth Mowat
ChildrenJohn David Wilmot
Robert Duncan Wilmot Jr.
Charlotte Gertrude Wilmot
Susan Harriet Wilmot
Henry Wilmot
Edward Ashley Wilmot
Elizabeth Blanche Wilmot
OccupationA Father of Confederation

Robert Duncan Wilmot, PC (16 October 1809 – 13 February 1891) was a Canadian politician and a Father of Confederation.

Early life and family[edit]

Wilmot was born in Fredericton, New Brunswick on 16 October 1809. He was the son of John McNeil and Susanna (Susan) Harriet (born Wiggins) Wilmot.[1] He moved to Saint John with his family at around the age of five, and there he was educated. In 1833 he married Susannah (Susan) Elizabeth Mowat of St Andrews.[1] His father, John McNeil Wilmot, was a big tank and ship owner. Wilmot worked for his father's business and represented the company in Liverpool, England from 1835 to 1840. It is there that his son, Robert Duncan Wilmot, Jr., a future Member of Parliament, was born.

Political career[edit]

New Brunswick[edit]

Wilmot served as mayor of Saint John from 1849 to 1850. He represented Saint John County in the Legislative Assembly of New Brunswick from 1847 to 1861, and from 1865 to 1867, and was member of the Executive Council of New Brunswick, serving as the Surveyor-General from 1851 to 1854, and provincial secretary from 1856 to 1857.

He was a New Brunswick delegate to the London Conference of 1866, which settled the final terms for Canadian Confederation.

Federal politics[edit]

Following Confederation, he was appointed to the Senate of Canada on 23 October 1867 by royal proclamation, and represented the Senate division of New Brunswick. In 1878, he became Speaker of the Senate, and was also a member of the ministry of John A. Macdonald.

Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick[edit]

Wilmot resigned from the Senate on 10 February 1880 and was appointed the sixth Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick. He served in that position until 1885.


Wilmot died at his estate in Sunbury County at the age of 81. His home was designated a National Historic Site of Canada in 1975.[2] He is buried in Sunbury County Oromocto Anglican Church cemetery on Broad Road.


  1. ^ a b "Robert Duncan Wilmot". Dictionary of Canadian Biography (online ed.). University of Toronto Press. 1979–2016.
  2. ^ Belmont House / R. Wilmot Home. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 9 February 2012.

External links[edit]