Tadeusz Miciński

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Tadeusz Micinski Portrait

Tadeusz Miciński (9 November 1873, in Łódź – February 1918, in Cherykaw Raion, Belarus) was an influential Polish poet, gnostic and playwright, and was a forerunner of Expressionism and Surrealism.[1] He is one of the writers of the Young Poland period (Neoromanticism movement). His writings are strong influenced by Dark Romanticism and Romantic gothic fiction, with a focus on moral battles between good and evil.[2] He was called by many a wizard poet and a worshipper of mysteries.

Life[edit]

He studied philosophy at the University of Kraków. His work was heavily influenced by Polish messianism and included philosophical and mystical themes. The most well-known of his poetry collections is W mroku gwiazd (In the Twilight of the Stars), released in 1902, and a 1906 play, Kniaź Patiomkin (Prince Potemkin).

He was friends with the writer and painter Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz and the composer Karol Szymanowski, who composed music dedicated to him.[3]

Miciński was assassinated in 1918 during the Russian Revolution, while he was helping to organize the Polish armed forces.[2]

There is a street named for Tadeusz Miciński on the Łódź housing estate Teofilów [pl]

Works[edit]

His most popular works are:

  • Łazarze - The Lazars (1896) - poem,
  • Nauczycielka The Teacher (1896) - short story,
  • W mroku gwiazd - In the Twilight of the Stars (1902) - poetry collection,
  • Kniaź Patiomkin - Prince Potemkin (1906) - drama,
  • Do źródeł duszy polskiej - To the origin of the Polish soul (1906) - article,
  • W mrokach złotego pałacu, czyli Bazylissa Teofanu (1909) - drama,
  • Nietota. Księga tajemna Tatr - Nietota. The Book of Tatra mystery (1910) - novel,
  • Walka o Chrystusa - The Fight for Christ (1911) - article,
  • Dęby czarnobylskie - The Oaks of Tchernobyl (1911) - short stories compilation,
  • Xiądz Faust - Monk Faust (1913) - novel

References[edit]

  1. ^ Weisstein, Ulrich (1 January 1973). Expressionism as an International Literary Phenomenon: Twenty-one essays and a bibliography. John Benjamins Publishing. ISBN 9789027284808. Retrieved 26 May 2018 – via Google Books.
  2. ^ a b "Tadeusz Miciński - Polish writer". Britannica.com. Retrieved 26 May 2018.
  3. ^ "Four songs to words by Tadeusz Miciński op. 11 (1904-1905) - Karol Szymanowski". www.karolszymanowski.pl. Retrieved 26 May 2018.