James Hamilton, 5th Duke of Abercorn
The Duke of Abercorn
|Chancellor of the Order of the Garter|
|Assumed office |
17 October 2012
|Preceded by||The Lord Carrington|
|Preceded by||The Viscount Ridley|
|Succeeded by||The Earl of Dalhousie|
|Lord Lieutenant of Tyrone|
20 March 1987 – 4 July 2009
|Preceded by||John Hamilton-Stubber|
|Succeeded by||Robert Lowry Scott|
|Member of the House of Lords|
4 June 1979 – 11 November 1999
|Preceded by||James Hamilton, 4th Duke of Abercorn|
|Succeeded by||House of Lords Act 1999|
|Member of Parliament|
for Fermanagh and South Tyrone
15 October 1964 – 18 June 1970
|Preceded by||Lord Robert Grosvenor|
|Succeeded by||Frank McManus|
|Born||4 July 1934|
|Political party||Ulster Unionist|
(m. 1966; died 2018)
|Children||James Hamilton, Marquess of Hamilton|
Lady Sophia Hamilton
Lord Nicholas Hamilton
|Parent(s)||James Hamilton, 4th Duke of Abercorn|
Hon. Kathleen Crichton
James Hamilton, 5th Duke of Abercorn  is a British nobleman, peer, and politician. He became Duke of Abercorn in the Peerage of Ireland on the death of his father in June 1979. He is the son of James Edward Hamilton, 4th Duke of Abercorn, and Hon. Kathleen Crichton. He is a former politician and Lord Steward of the Household.(born 4 July 1934),
Educated at Eton College and the Royal Agricultural College, in 1953 he was commissioned into the Grenadier Guards as Second Lieutenant Lord James Paisley, and then promoted to Lieutenant in 1955. He quitted Active Service and was absorbed into Regular Army Reserves a year later. In 1964 he became Ulster Unionist MP for Fermanagh and South Tyrone (when he held the courtesy title Marquess of Hamilton), succeeding his cousin, Lord Robert Grosvenor (later Duke of Westminster). He held his seat in the 1966 election but lost it to Frank McManus in 1970 by 1,423 votes. In 1970 he served as High Sheriff of Tyrone. In 1974 he joined Ulster Defence Regiment, but left the regiment and remained in the British Army in the Volunteer List in 1980. From 1986 to 2009 he was the Lord Lieutenant of County Tyrone. In 1999, he was appointed a Knight of the Order of the Garter. He was Colonel of the Irish Guards from 2000 to 2008. Additionally, he was appointed Lord Steward of the Household in 2001, serving until 2009.
He owns more than 15,000 acres (61 km2). His seat is Baronscourt, near Newtownstewart, County Tyrone, Northern Ireland. The Dukedom of Abercorn is in the Peerage of Ireland and did not carry an entitlement to a seat in the House of Lords, but until 1999 the Duke was entitled to sit there under his subsidiary title Marquess of Abercorn, in the Peerage of Great Britain. He was appointed Chancellor of the Order of the Garter on 17 October 2012.
In 1966 he married Alexandra Anastasia "Sacha" Phillips (1946–2018), eldest daughter of Lt.-Col. Harold Pedro Joseph Phillips (1909–1980) and Georgina, Lady Kennard (1919–2011), elder daughter and co-heiress of Sir Harold Wernher, 3rd Baronet, of Luton Hoo, Bedfordshire. Alexandra Anastasia Phillips was the elder sister of Natalia, widow of the 6th Duke of Westminster. The Duke and Duchess of Abercorn had two sons and one daughter, who married journalist Anthony Loyd. He is also a relative of Diana, Princess of Wales as he is the first cousin of Diana's father, the 8th Earl Spencer. The duke's father was the brother of Diana's grandmother, Cynthia Spencer, Countess Spencer.
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- "No. 60301". The London Gazette (1st supplement). 17 October 2012. p. 19937.
- Montague-Smith, Patrick W., ed. (2008). "Abercorn, Duke of (Hamilton) Sat as Marquess of Abercorn (GB 1790) (Duke I 1868, Bt I 1660)". Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage 2008. London: Debrett's Peerage Limited.
- "Burke's Peerage and Baronetage"
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